MotivEat Helping With Obesity | Managing Weight Loss The Right Way In West Lothian Scotland
To most people, the term "obesity" means to be very overweight. Health professionals define "overweight" as an excess amount of body weight that includes muscle, bone, fat, and water.
"Obesity" specifically refers to an excess amount of body fat. It is important to note, however, that some people, such as bodybuilders or other athletes with a lot of muscle, can be overweight without being obese.
Causes of Obesity Put simply, obesity occurs when a person continues to consume more calories than they burn i.e. the amount of energy coming in is greater than the amount of energy being burned. What causes this imbalance between calories in and calories out will differ from person to person. Factors such as genetic, environmental, psychological, physiological all play a part.
Did You Know? Obesity is a chronic disease with a strong familial component. Obesity increases your risk of developing conditions such as high blood pressure, diabetes (type 2), heart disease, stroke, gallbladder disease and cancer of the breast, prostate and colon.
The tendency toward obesity is influenced by our environment e.g. lack of physical activity combined with high-calorie and convenience foods. If maintained, even weight losses as small as 10 percent of body weight can improve one's health. People who are obese are often victims of employment and other types of discrimination.
How is Obesity Measured? There are various methods to measure body fat, which include special x-ray machines, weighing a person underwater or the use of calipers on the skin to measure body fat % levels. However, in recent years, body mass index (BMI) has become the medical standard used to measure overweight and obesity. BMI is a mathematical calculation used to determine whether a patient is overweight and is calculated by dividing a person's body weight in kilograms by their height in meters squared (kg/m2) or by using the conversion with pounds (lbs) and inches (in) squared (lbs/in2). Being obese and being overweight are not the same condition. Someone with a BMI measurement between 25 and 29 is considered over weight, whereas a measurement of 30 and above is considered obese.
There are many factors that impact a person's health risk relative to their BMI such as a waist size, smoking, the types of foods someone eats regularly, exercise, and medical conditions associated with obesity including diabetes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and coronary heart disease.
Treatment for Obesity The method of treatment very much depends upon your level of obesity, your overall health condition, motivation and readiness to lose weight. Treatment may include a combination of altering what and how much you eat, appropriate exercise, support for behavior modification and sometimes weight-loss drugs prescribed by your GP. In some cases of severe obesity, gastrointestinal surgery may be recommended; however, this would only be done under strict medical guidance and supervision.
Remember, weight control is a life-long effort and involves lifestyle changes. Support is available from MotivEat to help you make any necessary changes and put in place effective solutions for life.